- The area of Ethiopia is 1,104,300 sq. km, which makes it approximately as big as France and Spain combined.
- The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa, which means “new flower” in Amharic. The altitude is 2,355m (7,726 ft), making it the 3rd highest capital city in the world. It is also the diplomatic capital of Africa.
- More than 70% of Africa’s mountains are found in Ethiopia. Probably due to the high altitude in the country, Ethiopians are famous for being great long distance runners.
- Lake Tana is the source of the Blue Nile River, which meets the White Nile River in Sudan to form the Great Nile River. Lake Tana supplies 85% of the water to the Great Nile River.
- The Danakil Depression is home to one of the lowest points on the African continent – Dallol, at 116m below sea level – and one of the only lava lakes in the world – at Erta Ale volcano.
- The Great Rift Valley, the most significant physical detail on the planet that is visible from space, cuts through Ethiopia from the northeast to the south of the country.
- Ethiopia is the home of the Black Jews, known as the Falashas, or Beta Israel.
- Ethiopia adopted Christianity in the 4th century, making it one of the oldest Christian nations in the world.
- Islam also appeared early in Ethiopia, during the time of Mohammed, when his followers fled persecution in Arabia and sought refuge in Ethiopia.